Difference between revisions of "Pronunciation"

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*'nts' = n + 'ts' sound
 
*'nts' = n + 'ts' sound
 
*'š' = sh
 
*'š' = sh
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 +
=== Examples===
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 +
Check [[Audio Help]] if the audio doesn't work with your browser
 +
{| style="color:green;background-color:#ffffcc;" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" border="1"
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| kereke || church || [[File:Kereke.ogg|noicon]]
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|-
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| terekere || tractor || [[File:Terekere.ogg|noicon]]
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|-
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| tsela || road || [[File:Tsela.ogg|noicon]]
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|-
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| go bona || to see/get || [[File:Go_bona.ogg|noicon]]
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|-
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| phologolo || animal || [[File:Phologolo.ogg|noicon]]
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|-
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| diphala || impalas || [[File:Diphala.ogg|noicon]]
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|-
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| thata || very much/hard/difficult/brave || [[File:Thata.ogg|noicon]]
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|-
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| tlhapa || wash || [[File:Tlhapa.ogg|noicon]]
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|-
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| tsala || friend || [[File:Tsala.ogg|noicon]]
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|-
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| gape || again/also/too || [[File:Gape.ogg|noicon]]
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|-
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| sekgoa || English || [[File:Sekgoa.ogg|noicon]]
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|-
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| mma || woman/mother || [[File:Mma.ogg|noicon]]
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|-
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| ntlo || house || [[File:Ntloo.ogg|noicon]]
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|-
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| ngaka || doctor || [[File:Ngaka.ogg|noicon]]
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|-
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|}
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===Accents in written Setswana===
 
===Accents in written Setswana===
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You will occasionaly see accents (eg ê) in written Setswana. š is regularly used, but the others are not.  
 
You will occasionaly see accents (eg ê) in written Setswana. š is regularly used, but the others are not.  
  
In Heinmann "Setswana ya Mophato" by Emang Butale, Mpho Mmopi, Dimakatso Mahlanza ISBN 0-7962-0156-0 circumflex accents are used on ô ê to indicate @???@
+
In some dictionaries and learning texts (such as Heinmann "Setswana ya Mophato" by Emang Butale, Mpho Mmopi, Dimakatso Mahlanza ISBN 0-7962-0156-0) circumflex accents are used on ô ê to indicate low toned o and e (????)
 +
 
 +
Because use of accents makes it difficult to search for words, (eg searching for "yone" will not produce a result for "yônê") in this wiki, no accents other than š should be used (unless a non accented form is also given). However, both forms are used in the dictionary.
  
Because use of accents makes it difficult to search for words, (eg searching for "yone" will not produce a result for "yônê") in this wiki, no accents other than š should be used (unless a non accented form is also given).
+
=== Vowel Sounds===
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{| style="color:green;background-color:#ffffcc;" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0" border="1"
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| Front<br>unrounded || || || || || || || Back<br>rounded
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|-
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| ''High'' || i || || || || || || u
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|-
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| ''Mid'' || || e|| || || || o||
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|-
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|  || || || &ecirc;|| || &ocirc;|| ||
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|-
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| ''Low'' || || || || a|| || ||
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|}

Latest revision as of 23:52, 21 May 2011

In Setswana, the vowels are pronounced as in the following English words:

  • 'a' as in 'car'
  • 'e' as in 'let'
  • 'i' as in 'meet'
  • 'o' as in 'go'
  • 'u' as in 'school'

There are also a few combinations of consonants which are pronounced very differently from English:

  • 'g' = an 'h' sound deep in your throat, like the end of "loch"
  • 'kg' = k + an 'h' sound deep in your throat
  • 'kh' = k + some air
  • 'ph' = p + some air
  • 'th' = t + some air (NOT like English "th")
  • 'ny' = think of isolating the 'ny' in 'canyon'
  • 'tl' = think of isolating the 'tl' in 'Atlanta'
  • 'tlh' = 'tl' + some air
  • 'ts' - think of isolating the 'ts' in 'itself'
  • 'tsh' = 'ts' + some air
  • 'nts' = n + 'ts' sound
  • '&#154;' = sh

Examples

Check Audio Help if the audio doesn't work with your browser

kereke church
terekere tractor
tsela road
go bona to see/get
phologolo animal
diphala impalas
thata very much/hard/difficult/brave
tlhapa wash
tsala friend
gape again/also/too
sekgoa English
mma woman/mother
ntlo house
ngaka doctor


Accents in written Setswana

You will occasionaly see accents (eg ê) in written Setswana. &#154; is regularly used, but the others are not.

In some dictionaries and learning texts (such as Heinmann "Setswana ya Mophato" by Emang Butale, Mpho Mmopi, Dimakatso Mahlanza ISBN 0-7962-0156-0) circumflex accents are used on ô ê to indicate low toned o and e (????)

Because use of accents makes it difficult to search for words, (eg searching for "yone" will not produce a result for "yônê") in this wiki, no accents other than &#154; should be used (unless a non accented form is also given). However, both forms are used in the dictionary.

Vowel Sounds

Front
unrounded
Back
rounded
High i u
Mid e o
ê ô
Low a